Category Archives: MS-Windows

The End of Support for Win98, Win98SE, and WinME?

I just saw this article:

http://www.computerworld.com/

It references the horse’s mouth here:

http://support.microsoft.com/gp/lifean18

Update June 9, 2006: Win98, Win98SE, WinME support ends early. See this article: http://blogs.technet.com/msrc/archive/2006/06/09/434300.aspx.

This is both a good and bad thing. It will help minimize the number of Windows OSes one needs on hand to support clients, but is bad, because good PCs that will run Win98, will not run Win2k or WinXP. Viruses and spyware will have a foothold on the net for years to come because of the technically ignorant, or those without the cash for a new PC.

Many of the computers that run Win98 are still very useful. For these computers, a move to Linux, which is fantastic for extending the lifespan of “obsolete” hardware, will now be a more viable option. With the end in site for security updates for the worst issues in Win98, those that want to use their PCs on the internet will need a viable alternative.

Win98 is still in use not just in homes, but in many small businesses and non-profit organizations. Even though a new WinXP Home PC can be purchased for $500.00 or less, if you do not have $500.00, it is a lot of money. Especially if all you do is documents, spreadsheets, email, and web surfing.

Kairos Computer Solutions can help if you have an older PC running Win98 or WinME, and are not in a situation for a new PC. We can help you determine if your current PC is a good candidate for running Linux.

Disappearing Close Button on MS-Windows Task Manager

Windows 2000, Windows XP, and Windows 2003 all have a Task Manager. It can easily be reached by pressing CTRL+ALT+DEL, and then clicking the Task Manager Button.

I have seen client’s computers that do not have the close button, that is the boxes with the line, box, and X in the top right-hand corner. Without this, you cannot close the Task Manager Window, and it stays on top of anything else on the screen. Re-booting seems to be the only way to close the window, but if you bring up the Task Manager again, it is still missing the buttons, and the tabs.

Various web sites I found in researching this suggest Registry edits, and all kinds of other complex solutions.

There is a very simple solution that I figured out all by my lonesome, but is hopefully in the MS Knowledge Base (If it is, it is not very high on the list of Google searches.). The solution is the same thing that causes the “problem” in the first place.

Double-click below the gray line that runs across the screen below the menu and above the tabs will cause the “problem”. Double-clicking in this same area gain fixes the “problem”.

The following screen shots illustrate the before and after when this “problem” is caused.

Task Manager Before

Task Manager After

Internet Explorer as an FTP Client

There are several tweaks you can make to Internet Explorer that will make it more FTP-friendly. First, you can set up IE so that it can browse FTP directories, just as if they were folders in Windows Explorer:

1. Click Tools | Internet Options.
2. Click the Advanced tab.
3. Under Browsing, check the box labeled Enable Folder View For FTP Sites.

Next, if you’re on a computer that’s behind a firewall, you’ll need to set up IE to use passive FTP:

1. Click Tools | Internet Options.
2. Click the Advanced tab.
3. Under Browsing, check the box labeled Use Passive FTP.

To download a file from FTP use this URL:

ftp://whatever.com/

This will result in the user being prompted for a password. Once the user supplies the password, a directory comes up, and the user can drag and drop files to and from the FTP window. Contact your support representative for this password.

A good free FTP client is FileZilla at http://sourceforge.net/projects/filezilla.

Windows ME not Recommended For Business Use

Windows ME is not easy to work with because of how Microsoft took away functionality that is in all other versions of Windows. Support techs do not like working with Windows ME.

A quote from the following Microsoft link:
“Windows Me contains features designed specifically for home users, and
is not intended for deployment in environments containing Windows 2000
Server. The Windows 2000 [or Windows XP Pro] Professional operating system is designed for
business users, and contains more advanced client features related to
the Active Directory service.”

(Long URL follows)
http://support.microsoft.com/support/kb/articles/Q276/4/72.ASP?
LN=EN-US&SD=gn&FR=0&qry=active%20directory&rnk=1&
xsrc=DHCS_MSPSS_gn_SRCH&SPR=WINME

Please be aware of this if you are making any plans, in the near future, for upgrades to your workstation hardware/software.

Miscellaneous Novell 3, 4, 5 Tips

  • Novell has a feature that allows easy recovery of deleted files. However, if the deleted files are not cleaned up, you can end up with a drive that is full, even though it reports plenty of free space.At a workstation at DOS prompt type:

    PURGE /ALL to release all the disk space used by deleted files.

  • To determine amount of memory on server:type: MEMORY at server prompt and get RAM in KB’s.
  • Novell Remote Console: ALT+F2=get out of Remote Console via modem.ALT+F3 over modem =ALT+ESC at the server’s keyboard.

    Rconsole at START | Run.

  • To edit Autoexec.NCF at server: Load Install; go to startup, select Autoexec.ncf.
  • USE CD_ROM AT SERVER:
    Load CDROM
    List Devices
    [Put CD in drive]
    CD Mount # [the device number from list devices]
    CD Dismount # [when finished & then remove CD ROM]

GPF, Invalid Page Fault

Windows 95 and Windows 98 should clear out the c:\windows\temp\ directory when Windows installation programs install correctly, but they do not. This can lead to repeated GPFs, or Invalid Page Faults, when combined with severely fragmented hard drives. It is safe to delete any files or folders that do not have today’s date. Then power down, start > shut down > shut down, for 20 seconds, then power up. Windows NT/2000/XP isolate RAM from GPF issues, so DO NOT use this procedure on those operating systems.

Below is a method to add a batch file that will run whenever a PC especially prone to GPF’s is started.

Right click Windows taskbar.
Choose Start Menu Programs Tab.
Click Advanced Button.
In left explorer pane open up Programs, then open up StartUp.
In right pane, right-click to create a shortcut. NEW | SHORTCUT
In the command line browse to Deltree.exe:
C:\WINDOWS\COMMAND\DELTREE.EXE
Then add the following:
/y c:\windows\temp\
Click Next.
Name the Shortcut.
Click Next.
Click Finish.
Before close Windows Explorer:
Right_click on shortcut, left_click on Properties.
Choose the Program Tab, put check mark in Close on Exit.
Set Run Line to Minimized.
Click OK, then finished.

Then you can copy the batch file to the server and then copy it to C:\Programs\StartUp on all the other PC’s.

Full Command line:

C:\WINDOWS\COMMAND\DELTREE.EXE /y c:\windows\temp\

You can just cut and paste the line above into the START -> Run line, or open a DOS window and run it that way.

* If consistent and regular errors, Thorough Scandisk with automatically fix errors checked, then Defragment (ignore the program saying only 0% or whatever, go ahead and do it. On modern hard drives 1% can be over 100 MB on a 1 GB drive. For a 5 GB drive it is 500 MB (half a GB)!

Workstation Checklist

Workstation Information Checklist

Please fill out all of the information below for each workstation.

User: _______________________

Windows Version: ______________ (Right-click My Computer, Left-click Properties)

Service Pack: _________________

RAM: ___________ (Min. 128 MB)

CPU: ____________

NIC: ____________ 10 or 100 megabit?

Anti-Virus make _________________ Date of Last Full Scan: ___________

Anti-Virus Up To Date: ____________

Spyware Remover?: ________________ Date of Last Full Scan: ___________

Firewall?: _______________ Correctly configured?: ___________________

Date last Disk Cleanup: ___________________

Date last Defragment: ____________ (Win95 & 98 are especially sensitive to fragmentation.)